Last updated on Mar 22, 2012
There are five historical blocks located in the walled city proper, the Pingjiang, Humble Administrator’s Garden, Yi Garden, Shantang Street, and Changmen Gate. Besides, numerous historical relics have been well-preserved in Suzhou, the number of “the cultural sites under the country’s special protection” ranks the third in China, following Beijing and Xi’an cities.
The water town is the specialty of Suzhou that sees more than 200 ancient towns with the integrated view of canals and ancient Suzhou architecture in its territory. Famous ones like Luzhi, Tongli, Zhouzhuang, Qiandeng, etc. have been listed as China’s Famous Historical Towns, Luxiang and Mingyuewan, meanwhile, have been China’s Famous Historical Villages.
Three third of the vast Taihu Lake that occupies 2,427.8sq. km falls in Suzhou’s territory, from which a lot of natural and cultural scenic sites have been evolving.
More than 60 classic gardens compose the garden view that the city has been known for, in which the Humble Administrators’ Garden, the Master-of-nets Garden, the Lingering Garden, the Retreat and Reflection Garden and other five have been included on the list of the World Cultural Heritage.
Kunqu Opera is the most ancient Chinese operas that is thought the ancestor of all other Chinese opera. Pingtan, a cover term of two forms of art that are performed in the local dialect, is one of the Four Chinese Operas.
Kunqu was awarded as a “representative work of the Oral and Non-Substantial Heritage of Humanity” by UNESCO in May, 2001.
Pingtan was awarded as one of the first batch of “representative work of the National Intangible Heritage of Humanity” by China’s State Council in May, 2006.
Suju Opera was awarded as one of the first batch of “representative work of the National Intangible Heritage of Humanity” by China’s State Council in May, 2006.
Folk and craft
Suzhou has been acknowledged as a “City of Craft”. Folk crafts like the embroidery , Taohuawu woodcut, seal cutting, and the Rosewood Carving have won their reputation across the world.